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Falling film evaporator national industry standard

Source:本站 | Date: 2017-03-22 | Hits:

People's Republic of China Light Industry Standard Falling Film Evaporator QB / T 1163-2000 Replaces QB / T 1163-1991


State Administration of Light Industry 2000-09-08 approved 2001-02-01 implementation


1 Scope

This standard specifies the product classification, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules and marking, packaging, transportation and storage of falling film evaporators.

This standard applies to the dairy industry and food, pharmaceutical, chemical and other industries on the heat-sensitive materials, preheating, sterilization and evaporation of falling film evaporator.


2 Reference standard

The following standards contain provisions which, by reference in this standard, constitute provisions of this standard. At the time of publication of this standard, the versions shown are valid. All standards will be revised and the parties using this standard should explore the possibility of using the latest version of the following standards.

Steel pressure vessels GB 150-1998
Steel tube - and - tube heat exchangers GB 151-1989
GB / T 191-199. Packaging and storage icon
Hygienic standard for rubber products for foodstuffs GB 4806.1-1994
GB 5408-1985 Disinfection of milk
Equipment for safety and hygiene of dairy products GB 12073-1989
GB / T 13306-1991 signs
General technical requirements for light industrial machinery GB / T 14253-1993
Method for measuring sound pressure level of noise in metal cutting machine tools GB / T 16769-1997
Safety and hygiene of food machinery GB 16798-1997
General technical requirements for painting of light industrial machinery
General technical requirements for packaging of light industrial machinery GB / T 1588.5-1996
Method for preparation of dairy machinery type QB / T 1823-1993
Centrifugal sanitary pumps QB/T 1826-1993 


3 Product Classification

3.1 type

The type of falling film evaporator specified in this standard shall be of the tube type.

A) whether the secondary steam is used for secondary heating is divided into single-effect and multi-effect two categories.
B) Whether the secondary steam is compressed is divided into two types of hot compression pump and without heat compression pump.

3.2 basic parameters

3.2.1 Evaporation series is as follows:

600,700,800,1000,1200,1600,2000,2400,2800,3200,3600,4000,5000,6000,7000,8000,10000,12000 kg/h

3.2.2 Evaporation temperature
The first effect is not higher than 76 ° C, the final effect of not less than 38 ° C

3.2.3 Unit steam consumption in Table 1,
Table 1 Steam consumption kg / kg water
Efficiency without hot compression pump with hot compression pump
Single effect 1.1 0.65 Excluding sterilization
Dual effect 0.60 0.46 Excluding sterilization
Three effects - 0.28 Excluding sterilization
Four effects - 0.22 Excluding sterilization
Five effects - 0.19 does not include sterilization
Note: The use of saturated steam pressure 0.8 MPa (0.5MPa)

3.2.4 unit water consumption in Table 2,
Table 2 water consumption kg / kg steam
Efficiency without hot compression pump with hot compression pump
Single effect 15 ~ 20 11 including preheating
Dual effect 10 7.5 includes preheating
Three effects - 5.5 including preheating
Four effects - 4.5 including preheating
Five effects - 4 including warm-up
Note: The cooling water inlet temperature below 20 ° C, the water temperature below 40 ° C.

3.3 Falling film evaporator consists of the following main components:
A) evaporator body;
B) Separator;
C) material preheating device;
D) high temperature sterilizer;
E) flash tank (multi-effect);
F) hot compression pump;
9) vacuum forming device;
H) material pump;
I) feed tank;
1) Washing liquid storage tank;
K) electrical control device.

3.4 Falling film evaporator model description, the preparation method should be consistent with the provisions of QB / T 1823.
RNJM × - × B
R major code (milk and dairy machinery)
N Classification Code (Concentration)
JM feature code (falling film evaporator)
× main parameter (evaporation kg / h)
× model algebra (effect)
B process code (B parallel current, C cross flow)
For example: evaporation 1000kg / h, parallel flow dual effect as RNJM2-1000B 


4 Technical requirements

The product should be manufactured in accordance with GB / T 14253.

4.1 Falling film evaporators shall comply with the requirements of this standard and shall be manufactured in accordance with the drawings and technical documents approved in accordance with the prescribed procedures.
4.2 Metal parts in contact with materials and secondary steam shall be made of austenitic stainless steel and shall be in accordance with the provisions of GB 16798.
4.3 for sealing the material should be consistent with the provisions of GB 4806.1, must be heat, oil, in the normal use of cleaning agents, disinfectants are not corrosive, does not pollute the material.
4.4 Falling film evaporator lamp hole, as the hole should be used glass glass heat.
4.5 The materials used, purchased parts, external agreement should be provided by the supplier of the certificate. Otherwise, the manufacturer shall use its inspection after passing the inspection. It is strictly forbidden to use materials and spare parts whose grades are unknown and have not been inspected by the inspection department.
4.6 According to the requirements of the drawings, welding parts should comply with the provisions of GB 150. The welding rod used shall comply with the relevant national standards.
4.7 Where the parts in contact with the material should be easy to clean, disinfect, repair; transfer should be smooth transition, less than 1350 of the internal angle, the transition radius R is not less than 6.5 mm, surface roughness Ra value of not more than 1.6 μm
4.8 Evaporator body
4.8.1 The allowable deviation of the main body of the evaporator shall comply with the provisions of 4.21, 4.2.2 and 4.2.3 of GB 151-1989.
4.8.2 Evaporator manufacturing should be consistent with GB 151-1989 4.2.4,4.2.5,4.2.6 of the relevant provisions.
4.9 Separators, condensers, and inner steamer manufacturing shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB 150
4.10 Evaporation tube
4.10.1 Evaporating pipes shall comply with the provisions of 3.8.2 of GB 151-1989.
4.10.2 Evaporation tubes should not have joints. Inner wall roughness R. The value is not more than 3.2 μm
4.10.3 The linearity limit of the evaporation tube is not greater than 2/1000 mm
4.10.4 When the evaporation tube is connected to the tube plate, the ambient temperature shall not be lower than -10 ° C.
4.10.5 Evaporation tube expansion should not have cracks and the impact of material flow and material seal defects.
4.11 tube plate manufacturing should meet the following requirements
4.11.1 tube plate surface should be smooth, smooth, does not allow mezzanine, cracks and other defects, surface roughness Ra value of not more than 1.6 μm
4.11.2 The surface of the tube plate is not allowed to penetrate the longitudinal and helical marks.
4.11.3 The permissible deviations of the tubesheet apertures shall comply with the requirements in Table 3-11 of GB 151-1989. The hole surface roughness Ra is not more than 12.5 μm
4.11.4 hole bridge width deviation should be consistent with GB 151-1989 in Table 4-2 (a) requirements.
4.12 Preheat serpentine coil manufacturing should meet the following requirements
4.12.1 preheat serpentine coil curvature, pitch uniform, no wrinkles.
4.12.2 preheat serpentine joint joints should be GB 151-1989 4.3.3b, d, e requirements manufacturing and testing.
4.13 Vacuum pump no-load pressure of no more than 8 kPa (absolute pressure).
4.14 inlet and outlet centrifugal milk pump should meet the requirements of QB / T 1826. The outlet pressure of the outlet pump is higher than 8.5 kPa
4.15 requirements after assembly
4.15.1 Upper plate plate horizontal limit deviation of not more than 2/1000 mm
4.15.2 Curved pipe curvature uniform, no wrinkles.
4.15.3 evaporation pipe axis and the upper tube plane perpendicularity limit deviation of not more than 1/15 degrees.
4.15.4 When the equipment is running empty to a vacuum of 0.092 MPa, it will stop running and the vacuum loss within 30 min shall not exceed 10%
4.16 Where the provisions of the polished parts of the surface, polished lines uniform, neat, no burns, scratches and other defects. The surface roughness Ra is not more than 1. 6 μm
4.17 Where the provisions of chrome polished parts, should not fall off, dark, rough. The surface should be bright, roughness Ra value of not more than 1.6 μm
4.18 The quality of the paint to be painted shall be in accordance with QB / T 1588. 4.
4.19 Safety requirements
4.19.1 Safety and hygiene shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB 12073.
4.19.2 Machine noise sound pressure level is not higher than 85 dB (A)
4.20 in the normal use, maintenance, product life of not less than 15 years.